What are the reasons behind FGM?

FGM is practised within communities due to numerous cultural, religious and social reasons such as:

  • Preservation of a girl’s virginity or chastity
  • Ensuring a girl is marriageable
  • Family honour
  • Social acceptance
  • Custom and tradition
  • The mistaken belief it increases hygiene and cleanliness
  • The mistaken belief it enhances fertility and makes childbirth safer

(FORWARD, 2013, HM Government, 2011)

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