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What are the effects of FGM?

The immediate effects of FGM include:

  • Severe pain
  • Shock
  • Bleeding
  • Infections including tetanus
  • HIV and hepatitis B and C
  • Inability to urinate
  • Damage to nearby organs including the bowel
  • FGM sometimes causes death

(NHS Choices, 2013)

Long-term consequences include:

  • Chronic vaginal and pelvic infections
  • Menstrual problems
  • Persistent urine infections
  • Kidney damage and possible failure
  • Cysts and abscesses
  • Pain during sex
  • Infertility
  • Complications during pregnancy and childbirth

(HM Government, 2011)

The process of undergoing FGM is psychologically traumatic and girls that have undergone the practice frequently suffer psychological damage.

© 2017 Justice for FGM Victims